Car states in motion: (Re) Producing mobility cultures in industrial politics.
Germany including specific regions such as Bavaria and Baden-Württemberg are well-known for its car manufacturing.These particular car states are currently debating and politically approaching “the change of the automobile industry” with specific state initiatives.Taking a culturally sensitive look into these initiatives and the discourse of “change of the automobile industry” makes it possible to investigate divergent and conflictual mobility cultures in industrial politics. Here, conflictual positions and processes between continuation and discontinuation show how mobility is culturally(re)produced in car states. This investigation reveals an underlying set of meanings related to the automobile industry and automobile society: (The provision of) unrestricted mobility for all through the production and use of automobiles.This attribution is now being controversially questioned in society, as the automobile is increasingly no longer considered to be unrestrictedly “contemporary and modern” and thus no longer functions as the sole means of mobility for every conceivable situation-for both ecological and social reasons. The meaningful focus on unrestricted mobility as “productive mobility” remains dominant and actively untouched in contemporary industrial politics and thus, is still culturally associated with the automotive industry as a future mobilizer and mobility service provider. Politically, this leads more to accompanying the process through active non-regulation of existing and emerging technologies and mobility following the political guideline of technology openness at the expense of approaches to regulate particular mobility.
Ways to sustainable mobility concepts based on bio cybernetic & participatory system modelling.
Usually concepts for new mobility concepts and infrastructures on municipal or urban level are based online are calculation schemes from a seemingly well analyzed actual situation to a desired future using factors being extrapolated.However, very often the solution does not come close to the desired outcome. High investments for mobility infrastructure are determining the development of a city or a region and the mobility behavior of the population for 50 or 100 years. Often the predicted changes do not occur and a new infrastructure is not well accepted and used.On the other side with the urgent challenges like climate change and the necessary reduction of greenhouse gases as decided in the Paris Goals from 2015, in combination with the commitment of 193 nations for the 17 Sustainable Development Goals, the usual ways of mobility planning and infrastructure projects should be seen under a fresh view. We also ask what the real human needs for mobility and how can they be fulfilled with sustainable, viable and also resource friendly solutions? What kind of mobility and transport do we really need in order to create and sustain human well being in cities?Additionally, in 2020 also the sudden restrictions due to the Covid pandemic are demanding new, flexible and also fast solutions. How can administration, experts, planners and civil society can be encouraged and enabled to participate in the decision-making and planning processes? And can they be encouraged to change their individual behavior to implement new forms of sustainable mobility in their daily life “Interconnected thinking”and participative system modeling(e.g. Vester, Wulfhorst) is a useful approach to understand and manage complexity, and especially in the sector of mobility. The author presents a concrete project, where for a specific situation, an interactive and system oriented decision making and planning process has been developed with the application of the systems approach in complex municipal planning projects and led to a consensual decision about the infrastructure project which is actually realized.
System analysis of on-demand mobility services.
The research project investigates the effects of on-demand mobility services on sustainable urban mobility using the city of Munich as a case study area. By applying the methods System Thinking and System Dynamics, the effects on traffic, air emissions and space are modeled in selected future scenarios and, based on the results, concrete recommendations for implementation are developed.